Rabies (pronounced /?re?bi?z/. From Latin: rabies) is a viral disease that causes acute encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) in warm-blooded animals. It is zoonotic (i.e., transmitted by animals), most commonly by a bite from an infected animal. Rabies is almost invariably fatal if post-exposure prophylaxis is not administered prior to the onset of severe symptoms. The rabies virus infects the central nervous system, ultimately causing disease in the brain and death. The early symptoms of rabies in people are similar to that of many other illnesses, including fever, headache, and general weakness or discomfort. As the disease progresses, more specific symptoms appear and may include insomnia, anxiety, confusion, slight or partial paralysis, excitation, hallucinations, agitation, hypersalivation (increase in saliva), difficulty swallowing, and hydrophobia (fear of water). Death usually occurs within days of the onset of these symptoms.
Signs and Symptoms
The period between infection and the first flu-like symptoms is … Read the rest
Here are a few excerpts from a recent column–especially for farm dog owners. Porcupines quills can be dangerous to dogs Unfortunately for dogs that like to explore nature, porcupines can be found throughout the United States and flourish in many rural areas. Normally quiet, harmless creatures, porcupines can be dangerous when trapped by an overly inquisitive canine. Should your dog make contact with one of these nocturnal rodents, he’s likely to end up with a face full of quills. Although porcupines can’t throw their quills as the old wives’ tale states, these tenacious prongs detach easily from the porcupines’ hide as a defense mechanism.
If your dog comes to the back door with just a few porcupine quills sticking out of his face, you can try to remove the prongs yourself. If this fails, or if your dog has a lot of quills and some are in his mouth, throat … Read the rest
Recognizing signs of health issues early can go a long way toward preventing a mild problem from becoming a serious one. When in doubt, call your vet. They can help you determine if your dog needs veterinary attention.
Prevention Regular vaccines are critical to your dog’s ongoing health. Parvo, distemper, rabies and other contagious, often deadly diseases can all be prevented through vaccinations. You never know when or where you will encounter infected dogs, or their waste. Therefore, your dog should always be protected. Exact types and frequency of vaccination will vary according to location, activity and even breed. Talk to your veterinarian to determine the best vaccination regimen for your dog.